Following on from my newsletter below, the Civil Procedure Rule Committee meeting notes have been published today. Last month I explained how Jackson LJ had suggested how ‘capped fixed costs’ would work. The meeting notes have now confirmed how the pilot scheme will work, explaining that costs for preaction would be capped at £10,000, for particulars of claim at £7,000 and for defence and counterclaims at £7,000.
Many thanks to John Hyde of the Law Society Gazette who has reported that “Parties can claim up to £6,000 for a reply and defence to the counterclaims, £6,000 for the case management conference, £6,000 for disclosure and £8,000 for witness statements. Expert reports are capped at £10,000, with the trial and judgment costs limited to £20,000.
The working group dedicated to the pilot scheme proposes an overall cap of £80,000 rather than setting an actual fixed amount at this stage.
The proposal, backed in principle by the committee, is to run the pilot in certain specialist civil courts: the London Mercantile Court and three courts in each of the Manchester District Registry and Leeds District Registry. Any cases where the trial will go beyond two days, or where the value is more than £250,000, are excluded“.
Clarion May 2017 Newsletter: Fixed Recoverable Costs. A taster of how the pilot scheme may work.
The judiciary have released an outline regarding how the fixed recoverable costs regime may work. Jackson LJ attended a costs seminar in Birmingham back in March 2017, which focused on mercantile and business litigation. At that seminar both Jackson LJ and HHJ Waksman outlined their proposals for the fixed costs pilot scheme, those proposals being subject to the approval of the Civil Procedure Rules Committee. The details of their proposals were as follows:
The pilot scheme will run in the London Mercantile court, and Manchester and Leeds specialist courts.
- It is likely that the pilot will commence in October 2017 and will last for two years.
- The pilot scheme is optional.
- There will be a separate fixed costs list.
- The pilot can be joined at certain stages:
- The pre-action stage
- No later than 14 days after service of the defence
- At the case management conference (CMC)
- Claimants can commence proceedings in the fixed costs list.
The Defendant has an absolute right to object to this, and if so then the proceedings would be removed from the fixed cost list.
- The CMC will be the last opportunity to join the pilot.
- Parties will not be able to withdraw from the pilot, apart from the Defendant if the Claimant issues in the pilot scheme (see above).
- There will be a shortened process with strict case management .
The pilot is currently a ‘work in progress’, however it is envisaged that these proposals will be making their way to the Civil Procedure Rules Committee in June 2017, so these could be public by July 2017. It is currently predicted that:
- Parties will be required to file their “core documents” (the documents that are relevant to the issues in the claim) with their statements of case, i.e. the particulars of claim, defence, reply and defence to counterclaim.
- There will be no need for further disclosure, unless parties can justify this at the CMC.
- If further disclosure is required, parties will need to apply for the same before the CMC. If the parties cannot agree, an order will be made.
- At the CMC, the judge will suggest Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), including Early Neutral Evaluation (ENE).
- The CMC will be the only interim hearing, this will include setting the trial timetable.
- Consideration is being given to limiting the number of witnesses, the thoughts are that there will be one factual witness on each side.
- Costs budgeting will not be required and there will be no pre-trial review.
- The trial length will be up to two days (excluding judicial reading).
- Cross-examination will be “very strictly controlled”.
- An early hearing date will be guaranteed.
- Judgments will be produced within a short period of time.
- Pilot participants can expect “active and proactive” case management.
- Costs will be summarily assessed at the end of trial.
The above proposals were made in March 2017, however since then there have been further proposals, as follows:
- The pilot will only relate to claims that are less than £250,000.
- The pilot will only relate to claims where the trial is no more than 2 days.
- The pilot will only relate to non-complex matters.
- The maximum costs that will be allowed will be £80,000. The pilot scheme will be similar to the IPEC costs regime. There will be caps for phases of litigation and those phases will be the same as the phases used in costs budgets.
- Parties can only leave the scheme under exceptional circumstances, examples of those circumstances are; allegations of fraud, if the matter subsequently is listed for a 3 day trial.
- Judgment will be handed down within 6 weeks.
- The proposed ‘grid’ is not yet available and it is likely that this will not be available until the practice directions are published, so it may make its way into any July update to the rules. The main benefits of the pilot scheme are that claims will be resolved speedily and parties will be more aware of their potential costs exposure.
- We will continue to provide updates regarding fixed costs, as well as all costs related law.
Sue Fox who is a Senior Associate and Head of Costs Budgeting at Clarion, can be contacted on 0113 336 3389 or on firstname.lastname@example.org